A survey conducted by the Ghana Statistical Service (GSS) has shown that over 50 percent of pregnant women in the country are anaemic compared to 40 percent of them who are not pregnant.
The report, dubbed “The 2022 Demographic and Health Survey, “showed that children aged 6-59 months in households were eligible for anaemia testing.
The Survey showed that anemia prevalence among children had declined from a high of 78 percent in 2008.
Anemia among adults has several negative health consequences, such as fatigue and lethargy.
Touching on cesarean operations, the Survey revealed that deliveries were more common in urban areas, representing 27 percent compared to 15 percent in rural areas.
The report said over one in five, representing 21 percent of live births in the two years preceding the Survey, was delivered through a cesarean operation.
On HIV knowledge, the report revealed that two percent of women aged 15–49 had sex with more than one partner in the 12 months before the Survey.
Of these women, 12 percent reported using a condom during their last sexual intercourse.
The report also showed that 15 percent of men aged 15–49 had sex with more than one partner in the 12 months before the Survey.
The Survey stated that of the men, 18 percent used a condom during their last sexual intercourse.
Dr Chris Opoku Fofie, Deputy Director in Charge of Reproductive and Child Health at Ghana Health Service, said the Survey would provide timely information to the authorities and develop comprehensive policies to address any anomalies in the report.
He said anemia among pregnant women was the major concern because it could lead to increased maternal mortality and poor birth outcomes.
He called on the government to invest in health education for the public to be abreast with preventive measures.
Dr Kyeremeh Atuahene, Director-General of Ghana Aids Commission, urged the government to create an enabling legal policy to address the HIV/AIDS menace.
The Survey is the 7th report conducted in the country since 1988, designed to provide data for monitoring the population and health situation in the country.
The Survey was conducted by the GSS with funding from USAID, UNICEF, UNFPA, the World Bank, the Global Fund, KOICA, the World Health Organisation, and the Foreign, Commonwealth, and Development Office.
A nationally representative sample of 15,014 women aged 15–49 in 17,933 households and 7,044 men aged 15–49 in half of the selected households were interviewed.
The Survey represents a response rate of 98 percent of women and 97 percent of men.